Compulsory English-II (1424) Solved Assignment aiou spring (2019)

Download solved Assignments spring (2019) Allama Iqbal Open University,Compulsory English-II (1424) Solved Assignment

ASSIGNMENT 1

(Units 1–4)
The following questions are based on Unit – 1. Read the unit carefully and answer the questions/solve the exercises given below. 

Q.1 Read pages 1-14 carefully (the content is related to ‘academic writing’ and

various types of ‘essays’) and briefly answer the following questions (in your own words). (15)

What is academic writing? How it is different than other types of writing?

“Academic writing” refers to a particular style of expression. 
Academic writing is different than other types of writing:- 
Writing in college or university is different from writing in school. As o student of higher level, you should know how to write clearly, to have an interesting and arguable point of view, to construct paragraphs
As a college or university student, you will be engaged in reading and writing activities that will make you read critically, think, analysis and read clarity. Whether you are a student or teod • academic writing skill are necessary in today’s world. Essays, reports, presentations and research papers are just some examples of documents written in the academic style. 

b. How would you define on “essay”? Provide various types of essays you studied with their particular characteristics.

Ans: An essay is a piece of writing that generally shows the writer’s point of view on a particular subject .An essay describes ,discusses or analysis one topic .It can range in length from one paragraph to more .It can be about anything and written in any style .It can be serious or funny analytical or argumentative .It can describes personal opinions, or just report information .Learning to write academic essays will take time and practice.
Descriptive
The descriptive essay provides details about how something looks ,feels ,tastes, smells, and sounds. It can also describe what something is, or how something happened. These essays generally use a lot of sensory details exciting our sense of smell, taste, touch, and seeing. 
Compare and Contrast:- 
The compare and contrast essay discusses the similarities and differences between two things, people, concept, places, etc. The essay could discuss both similarities and differences, or it could just focus only on one aspect: either similarities or differences or it could just focus only on one aspect either similarities or differences. 
Cause and effect essay 
The cause and effect essay explains why or how some event happened and what resulted from the event. This essay is a study of Its relationship between two or more events or experiences me could discuss both cause and effects, or it could simple address one or the other. A cause essay usually discusses what happens after a specific event or circumstance. 
Narrative 
The narrative essay tells a story. Generally, the narrative essay is conversational in style, and tells of a personal experience commonly written in the first person. This essay could describe a single event, or simple a mundane daily experience. 
Process:
A process essay describes how something is done. It generally explains actions that should be performed in a series or in steps. It can explain in detail how to accomplish a specific task. The essay could be in the form of step-by-step instructions, or in a story form, with the instructions or explanations given along the way.
Argumentative:-
An argumentative essay attempts to persuade the reader to fbe writer’s point of view. The writer can either be serious or funny, but always tries to convince the reader of the validity of his or her opinion.
Analysis:-
An Analysis essay analyses the strengths, weaknesses and methods of someone else s work. An analysis essay can be written analyzing an essay, story, book. poem, movie, or a work of art. Generally, theses essays begin with a brief overview of the main points of the text.
c. Define ” descriptive essay. How It Is different than other types of essays? Provide brief examples. 
The descriptive essay provides details about how some thing looks, feels.tastes, smells, and sounds, it can also describe how something  is. or how something happened. These essays generally use a lot of sensory details exciting our sense of smell, taste,touch and seeing.
Descriptive essay is different than other types of essays
Focus on the details of what is going  on for example if you want to 
write a descriptive essay about your trip to the park you will give detail of what you experienced. how the grass felt beneath your feet.What the park benches looked like and anything else the reader
would need to feel as if he was there.

Q.2 Read pages 24-30 carefully (the content is about various parts of an  academic essay) and write an academic essay (of about 100 words) on ‘My Favorite Sport’. (5)

There are many outdoor games. However, among all the outdoor sports, football is my most favorite game. This game is famous all over the world. Football is a game played by eleven players on each side. There is one referee and two linesmen. In Pakistan football is played with great fervor. Even though we do not qualify for the World Cup matches, people here are quite passionate about this wonderful game. In Lahore there are many football grounds. Among them Gaddafi Stadium is very big and well-known all around the world. I play football in my school. I am part of the school primary team. I am a supporter of Ashraf Sugar Mills Club, which happens to be the

oldest club in Lahore. I am also a devoted supporter of Brazil. Brazil won the soccer world cup for five years. Large number of spectators comes to see football matches. This game is a physical game and played mainly with the legs and head. Only the goalkeeper is  allowed to catch the ball with his hands. Football, because of the thrill and excitement it offers, is my most favorite game.
Q.3 Read pages 31-34 carefully (the content is about formal and informal styles of writing) and decide what type of writing style (formal/informal) is used in the following text and how? (5)
when you are………………………. parents
Ans:
The following paragraph is an informal style of writing. because in this paragraph the writer uses “Colloquial” and “Empathy and emotion” style in which the writer uses small sentences and use you or your pronoun for the reader. The writer also shows the empathy and a
emotion towards the reader and persons belong to them. The writer suggests two wash hand or wear on apron before cook to avoid any burn from hot oil likewise and giving advice to cook a healthy tasty food for their kids and parents.
 Q.4 Read the text titled as ‘Chronology of the Mughal Kings’ on pages 51-52 carefully. 
Now LINK (connect) the sentences (given in the text) by using appropriate SEQUENCE MARKERS. You are required to use at least TEN sequence markers in your answer. (10)
Answer:-
The Mughul Empire started its long reign in 1526 which lasted until 1857. The First Mughul king was Babur who was born in Ferghana in 1483. Babur was a descendant of Genghis Khan and Tammur.
In 1526 Babur defeated the Sultan of Delhi. Ibrahim lodhi.
Second.Hamayon assumed power after the death of Babur in 1530.Afterwords in1540 Afghan leader Sher shah sori defeated Hamayun re quenquired dehli  in 1555. Then, In 1556 Hamayun died and young Akbar was enthroned.Later in 1605 after the death of Jahangir.Meanwhile. Shah Jahan’s son 
Aurongzeb executed his brothers.Imprisoned his father and ascended to the throne off Dehli.Lastly Aurangzeb died in 1707 and with that the British Raj started .Finally the Last Mughal ruler Bahadar shah zafar died in1862.
When you are preparing to cook, wash your hands first. I think, you should also check for your dress is father and Oscended to the throne of dehli.Lastly by wearing an apron. Further, avoid cooking nasty and bad food etc. for your kids and parents. 
When you are preparing to cook, your hands first. I think, you
should also check for your dress by wearing an apron. Further, avoid cooking nasty and bad food etc. For your kids and parents.
The following paragraph is an informal style of writing. 8ecause in this paragraph the writer uses “Colloquial” and “Empathy and emotion” style in which the writer uses small sentences and use you or your pronoun for the reader. The writer also shows the empathy and a
emotion towards the reader and persons belong to them. The writer suggests two wash hand or wear on apron before cook to avoid any burn from hot oil likewise and giving advice to cook a healthy tasty food for their kids and parents.
The following question are based on Unit-2. Read the unit carefully and answer the question/solve the exercises given below
Q.5 Read the text titled as ‘A Day in the Life of a Nurse’ on pages 56-57 carefully. Also read Exercise-9 given on page 58. (10)
Now write down  PARAGRAPH of about 150 words on “A Day in the Life of a college Students Follow the use of SEQUENCE MARKERS in your answer.
Ans:                                     A Day in the Life of a college Students 
First. I get up early at 6 o’clock in the morning.I says my prayer. Next, I brush my teeth and wash my face. Then. I put on my clothes and comb my hair. After that, I eat breakfast. Next. I go to college. At college we study different subjects.I do not miss any period.My teachers are very good.
I also play with my friends at college. After college I go home. At home. I rest in my room and do my study later, I eat dinner with my family. After dinner I watch TV Finally. I go to bed.
Q.6 Read the text titled as ‘Planting a Tree: A Step by Step Guide’ on 
pages 60-61 carefully. Now go to Page 62 and complete EXERCISE 10 as per directions given. (10)

Ans: 
step 1:
Prepare the planting area
step 2:
Dig a hole.
step 3:
Spread much layer
step 4:
plant root
step 5
water the settle soil
step 6
Water at least once a weak
The following questions are based on Unit – 3. Read the unit carefully and answer the questions/solve the exercises given below. 
Q.7 Read the text titled as ‘Pollution’ on pages 89-91 carefully and complete the following tasks briefly: (10)
Define noise pollution.
Noise pollution refers to sounds in the envirnment that are caused by humans and that threatens the health or welfare of humans or animal inhabitants. 
Create a diagram illustrating all six types of pollution.


Explain what causes soil pollution? 
Soil is a basic natural resource.Soil pollution occurs when chemicals are released by spill or underground leeakage.Among the most significant soil contaminants are hydrocarbons.Therefore we can say that contammination of the soil is cause minly by solid and liquid residue and contaminated water.
Q.8 Read the text titled as ‘Types of Teachers’ on pages 96-98 carefully and answer the following questions briefly: (10)
What are the characteristics of a funny teacher? 
Ans: A funny teaher is like a God send to the students .Such a teacher always wants to see students smile.A funny teacher tries to bring a smile on the lips of the students.This kind of teacher is witty and humorous,lifts the stress out of students life.Funny teachers are therefore like stress busters instudents life .They help them forget all problems.However it does not mean that this kind of teacher is not serious about studies: rather their lighthearted attitude encourages students .They teach students without burdening them.They are not fixated.
How would you define a strict teacher? 
A strict teacher is very tough on students.He or she always insist on adhering to deadlines. A strict teacher dislikes any mistakes or carelessness from students .Students have to be extra caution  under such a teacher.Strict teacher i like disciplinarian,who always keep students on their toes.Students who have a very strict teacher always live under constant deadlines.However such a teacher fails to touch the heart s of  students .He or she always rem

ains  teacher and fail to become a confidante of students .Students never respect such a teacher.They accept such a strict teacher only out of compulsion and such stem teachers can never earn the love of students.
Q#9: The following questions are based on Unit – 4. Read the unit carefully and answer the questions/solve the exercises given below. 
Ans:                        CAUSE                                                   EFFECT
                The comeddy drama Atiqa o was                      The procedur decided not to make a sequel.
                not successful.
                Due to a very low enrolment.                           Dr. Hafeez’s will be offered only once a year.
               Freddy’s cafe at lahore recieved glowing          Consequently more people wanted to try its 
                reviews.                                                               recipes.
               The tourists misplaced their passports                As a result they had to cancel their trip to
                                                                                           Hunza and Skurdu. 
               The plane was delayed                                       As a result  ,I had  to wait for five . 
              Because the soup was very hot                           I burned my toungue
             Due to a misunderstanding                                  My job application was turned down 
              Since she’s very popular singer                            She is recognised by everyone in her city
             Because of heavy traffic.                                    Ubaid was late at home
             There is shortage of water in the country          So the people are advised to use
                                                                                         water spingly.

 Q.10 Read about “Cause and Effect” (as given on pages 107-112) carefully and complete Exercise 6 (given on Pages 120-121) by WRITING down two possible causes for the given effects:
 Ans:
(1) He feels tired today .Why?     (reason)
Cause   1:   He has worked to hard.
(2)  The lawyers are on strike Why?
Cause 1: They are raising the voice against government system
Cause 2:  They are fighting for their rights.
(4) The children did not go to school. Why? (Effect)
Cause I:It was raining heavily
Cause 2:;   They could not find rickshaw for school.
(5)   My mother is angry at me Why?(Effect)
Cause 1: I never eat properly.
Cause 2: I come back late to home at night.
(6) The ‘D Watson Pharmacy’ is a very successful business operation. Why?
Cause 1:  It has big margin of profit.
Cause 2: Medicines have their expiry dates
(7) The majority of students failed the gave yesterday. Why? (Effect)
Cause I: They did not attend the classes regularly.
Cause 2: The questions were strict for the students.
(8) Flight PK 306 was postponed for six hours. Why? (Effect)
Cause I: The weather was not suitable for fly.
Cause 2: Some technical problems ore found in aero plane.
(9) My best grades are in science courses. Why? (Effect)
Cause I: I have keen interest in science subjects.
Cause 2: I attend the classes regularly.
(10) More and more forest plant life is being destroyed. Why? (Effect)
Cause 1:The environment becomes so polluted.
Cause 2:The land is mostly using for residential purpose.
Q.11 Read Pages 123-124 carefully and REWRITE the following sentences by connecting them with appropriate connecting words (because, so, therefore) using the principles of ‘Cause and Effect’. (5)
1-Shakil works hard. He will succeed. 
Shakil works hard therefore he will succeed. 
2-It was raining . He stayed home. 
It was raining so he stayed home. 
3-Amir wants to be a good cricketer. He practices five hours a day. 
Amir wants to be a good cricketer because he practices five hours a day. 
4-Metro bus fare is increased. People prefer to use taxis. 
Metro bus fare is increased therefore People prefer to use taxis. 
5-The boss was not coming. The meeting got cancelled. 
The boss was not coming So the meeting got cancelled.

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